Monday, 23 December 2013

Education: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow!

Education is important for one and all and it’s been around for quite a long time now. In this field, a lot of things have changed in the last few years. Technology has advanced with time and these various technological innovations have actually made the field much more superior and promising. So, how the education sector has changed with time? How it was a few weeks back and what happened to it now? Let us see the milestones of education and how it got transformed with time.

Education in ancient times 

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The Hieroglyphics in Egypt and the Phoenician writing in Greece evolved with the development of writing around the globe. Homer used writing tablets and the Romans started using wax tablets as well as metal styluses to write in order to wipe off the surface and write in it once again. The Greeks then started using textbooks and so on, the Romans opened schools for the children and aimed at teaching them the acts of socialisation. The Royal Library in Alexandria was built by the Egyptians and it is now considered to be the largest as well as the most significant libraries worldwide. In India, Nalanda University started to provide the graduate and post graduate learners with degrees.

• Education in Middle Ages 

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In France, England and Italy, the first universities were developed. They were considered to be medieval institutions at that time and were basically the centre of art, medicine, law and theology. “Gramaticam Latinam” made up the core students’ learning experiences. It consisted of logic, geometry, Latin grammar, rhetoric, geometry, astronomy, and music. In the various medieval institutions, the lecture format got started. The lecturers started reading from the texts and taught the learners who took notes on their notebooks. Johaness Gutenberg created the printing press and simple changed the way of reading through textbooks.

• Education in Renaissance 

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Scientific and pre-professional trainings were started and peoples were taught and trained to become doctors, lawyers, etc. The Renaissance period emphasised on the study of five humanities called poetry, grammar, rhetoric, moral philosophy and history. The scientific methods were developed to focus on the important contributions of anatomy, astronomy and biology.

• Early Education in the US 

In Massachusetts, the Boston Latin School was founded and it gradually became the first public school in the United States. And it is still there as the first school in the US. Horace Mann, the Secretary of Education designed a state-wide system for all the professional educators. In the mid 19th to mid 20th century, the McGuffey readers were popularised. “Literacy, hard work, diligence and virtuous living” were idealised by textbook leanings.

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• Contemporary Education in the US 

The education laws got developed with time. In 1965, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act provided the federal aid for public schools. The college resources got strengthened and the students got financial aid. Computers got introduced in education and in 1960s, the educators at the Dartmouth included computers as an important academic machines. Tablets and Smartphones got released and it totally changed the norms of education. The popularity of MOOCs grew with time. Students from all over the globe started applying for degrees from universities worldwide. Social Medias and networking profiles helped people to gain knowledge and communicate with each other. This helped them to learn more than what one can learn in a brick and mortar classroom. There was an effective growth of open content through Wikipedia and other similar sites.

• Education in the coming years 

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It is believed that open knowledge, from the various Open Education Resources (OER) on the web will gradually lessen the demand of textbooks. There will be an increase in demand of highly specialised learning and the programmes offering these skills will grow in time. The role of educators will never get diminished but their roles will be changed with time. Technology will help the educators reach out to more learners and this way, they will make learning an effective and affordable mode of learning. Professional training will grow with time and there will be new ways of training the learners.